Mombacho Volcano, a huge living laboratory
Orlando Valenzuela | Destinos
Travelling above the treetops, learn about delicate and multicolored butterflies, stroking with hands beautiful plumage of birds, orchids and aromatic fragile, unique in the world, walking the edge of wooded steaming cauldrons are still living in freedom pumas and ocelots, in an atmosphere of eternal fog and fascinating tropical greenery, is an experience that not only live once in life but each time you visit the Mombacho Volcano Natural Reserve.
The Mombacho Volcano is the only place in the Pacific of Nicaragua where a pleasant climate nebliselva allowing the development of a huge variety of plant and animal species, some of them unique in the world, turning this place into a giant laboratory living, suitable for conservation, research and healthy recreation. It was declared a nature reserve in 1983.
The volcano has two distinct areas, the larger the buffer area of 6.444 hectares, where several communities engaged in different agricultural activities, including basic grains, vegetables and fruits, but most productive activity is organic coffee growing on several farms located on the slopes of the guardian of the city of Granada, about 10 km north.
With the growth of tourism, many local families have established small service companies that offer a wide range of recreational, educational and cultural activities for domestic and foreign visitors who come in search of a direct contact with nature.
Among sandy roads and trails covered under the shade of old Ceibos and small protruding guanacastes shelters where peasant families offer personal attention to providing tourists coming binoculars, bicycles and horses wander the paths of the reserve, experienced guide services, sale of homemade food and even extreme sports like Rappel Canopy.
At 850 meters begins the core area of 578 hectares, where the visitor will want to have eagle eyes to see at all distances the largest concentration of animal and plant life in one place. This area is accessed by traveling in a 4×4 vehicle or taking the shuttle service offered Cocibolca Foundation, which oversees the care and conservation of the biodiversity of the reserve.
“This hotel can discover the fauna, flora and geophysical phenomena, seen in all its beauty more than 250 bird species, 50 of which are migratory traveling from continent to continent, from Canada to South America, more than 50 species of mammals, most endangered species, such as tigers, ostoche cat, ocelot, puma, howler monkeys, white faced, spider, howler, Zahínos, coatis, peccaries, peacocks, agoutis, deer and other wildlife that there is only minor in this area protected in addition, there are 10 species of amphibians, including Mombacho Salamadra, unique in the world, said Enoch Pineda, field director of the reserve.
The reserve receives about 28,000 visits a year, the best was 2007, when he received 30 thousand people, however, the area has capacity for up to 50,000 people without causing environmental damage, said Pineda.
For this gift of nature, must travel at least one of the three hiking trails through the cloud forest on top there. The shorter the path Crater, measuring 1.5 kilometers long and the longest, the El Puma of 4 kilometers, requires a four-hour hike rich.
On the journey to the top, it passes through the coffee plantation Progress certified by Rainforest Alliance as a company committed to the conservation of ecosystems and the environment. Here, along with a cup of coffee Flowers, visitors can enjoy a pure adrenaline filled adventure, traveling between the tops of the old trees in the Canopy Adventure has 15 ramps and two kilometers of cable between trees higher. Here it is offered to tourists, the experience of knowing the process of coffee cultivation and sharing of country life and its people, in a tour of the entire farm.
At the top is the biological station, from where the route to the trails and lookouts, where you get the most spectacular panoramic views of the city of Granada, Masaya and Lake Nicaragua, with its islets, Ometepe and up Chontales mountains.
Besides fresh air and pure, it is good to enjoy the walk, under the trees, listening to the birds singing and watching the lush flora includes more than 750 different species, including 128 kinds of orchids, including mobachoensis Maxillaria , one of a kind.
At night, it’s another kind of adventure, is when they leave their burrows, caves and nests all nightlife animals such as owls, owls, frogs, bats, raptors, cats and other mammals.
The cost of entry with vehicle (4×4 only) is 142 cordobas. Students pay two dollars and $ 15 for foreigners. Stay overnight in the shelter of the biological station, over a thousand feet high, costs $ 40, which includes transportation to the summit, dinner, breakfast and a guided tour at night to see the most interesting species of nocturnal animal world .
Its explosion formed the islets
The Mombacho, 1345 meters high, is one of 21 volcanoes that Nicaragua has and is part of the 452 volcanoes that have The Pacific Ring of Fire, the most active seismic zone in the world. Our little fire colossus was asleep for more than 20,000 years after the massive explosion that blew its cone that formed the Islets of Granada. The only historical reference we have of this volcano dates back to 1.570 when a large landslide with the waters of the lagoon was in its crater, buried Mombacho indigenous community. Since then, still resting.