Latin America tops the list in terms of insecurity, with Venezuela in the first place as the most insecure country in the world, an earring in the region despite the progress made in other areas as subject experts opined today.
A study published by Gallup indicates that Latin American countries are among the most dangerous, ahead of the African continent and Russia, despite the slight improvement that have occurred in the last five years.
The region has made significant progress in many areas,however, “the issue of security is a pending task,” Efe said the center’s president Inter-American Dialogue, Michael Shifter.
The index Gallup public safety takes into account the confidence in the local police, the perception of security among the people and incidents of theft.
In Venezuela, described as the most insecure nation in the world for the study, only 19% of adults said he felt safe walking at night in their neighborhood, while 74% distrust of local police and 22% said they had been victim of a theft or have a family member who stole money in the last twelve months.
A UN report says that “the political and economic instability in Venezuela contributed to insecurity” and ranks second in the world after Honduras, regarding homicides, with 53.7 deaths per 100,000 population.
Also, eight of the ten countries with the highest homicide are in Latin America or the Caribbean, and represented 36% of all violent in the world in 2012 deaths, according to the report.
This may be due, according to the study, “the systematic increase in organized crime in the region.”
Drug trafficking and organized crime continued in the region,coupled with corruption and unstable institutional systems contribute greatly worsen the situation, said Shifter.
After Venezuela, Bolivian, Peruvian, Paraguayan and Dominican reported feeling more insecure in their countries, despite an improvement in the perceived safety of the population in 2013 compared to 2009 in Bolivia and the Dominican Republic.
As for the less dangerous Latin American nations, Nicaragua tops the list followed by Panama, Chile, Ecuador and Uruguay. They all showed a marked improvement in recent years, particularly Ecuadorian citizens.
Ecuadorians staged the biggest leap in security from 2009 to 2013, which the president of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, attributed “to success in the fight against crime, gun control, the autonomy of the judiciary and campaigns to incarcerate dangerous criminals. “
In the case of Chile, said Shifter, “sound institutions and high human development contribute to the perception of safety and confidence in government” by the people.
Panama is a clear example of “a growing economy that generates many resources and employment positions,” said the analyst.
While Nicaragua, despite being one of the poorest countries in the region, local authorities are quite “respected to maintain order”.
Moreover, residents of Southeast Asia, East Asia, United States and Canada took the top places in the perception of safety, followed closely by Europeans, according to the report of Gallup.
The civil war in Syria and the unrest in Egypt negatively dragged the average of the Arab countries in the deterioration of public safety in recent years, closely followed by North Africa and South Asia.
Gallup’s study was based on telephone and face surveys between 2009 and 2013 led to nearly 1,000 adults over 15 years of each country, with a margin of error of between 2.1 and 5.6 percentage points, and confidence level of 95%.