Coffee in second place of Nicaraguan exports • El Nuevo Diario

With two days left in 2015, the green coffee stands in second place among the top 10 export products of Nicaragua.

Coffee has generated US $ 393 million this calendar year and only lags behind beef (US $ 450.77 million), according to the daily statistics from the Center for Export Procedures (CETREX).

Last year, on the same date, the rojito had the same value generated US $ 393 million, according to the CETREX.

So the golden grain remains an important category for the Nicaraguan economy.

Coffee growing, according to official sources, generates direct and indirect work to between 280,000 and 300,000 people. That represents 53% of the jobs created in the agricultural sector of Nicaragua and 14% of total employment in the country.

Challenges

Despite the importance of coffee production in Nicaragua, Julio Solorzano and Felix Caceres, authors of the study “Program Improvement of Coffee Production for Small and Medium Producers” of the Nicaraguan Foundation for Economic and Social Development (Funides), the yield of the crop “has not changed significantly in the last forty years.”

The grain yield has varied in that period of time between 6 and 12 bushels per acre, according to the authors of the study, published in 2012.

In the 2010-2011 coffee harvest of coffee the average yield was 10.3 quintals per manzana (1.78 acres) and preliminary data indicate that the 2014-2015 crop yield gathered 11.8 quintals. However María Auxiliadora Briones, general manager of the Foundation for Technology, Agriculture and Forestry of Nicaragua Development (Funica), argues that other countries in the region are producing an average of 23 bushels per acre.

Nicaraguan Coffee information

Nicaraguan Coffee information

From the plant to the cup

  1. Coffee types

  • Arabica: is the most common in the world and it tastes better. It requires higher and cooler areas.
  • Robusta coffee: It is more resistant to disease and is mainly used to make instant coffee or mixtures with other coffees.

In Nicaragua, mainly arabica coffee is produced. The area bounded by the Government for robusta coffee planting area includes the municipalities of El Coral and El Almendro, the municipalities of the Autonomous Region of the Southern Caribbean (RAAS) and the Autonomous Region of the Northern Caribbean (RAAN), except for Waslala and protected areas in both regions.

  1. Seed

Each coffee cherry contains two seeds or grains that are washed, dried, roasted, ground and filtered to produce the drink.

In Nicaragua, the traditional benefits constitute 37% of domestic profits. Corporate profits work in partnership with independent owners or as part of the same organization exporter, part of the group benefactor-exporter-marketer procedure. They constitute 47% of domestic profits.Independent benefits represent 16% of domestic profits.These are companies that collect and sell the green beans to a particular marketer. Some of these benefits have their own agents or “brokers” in international markets, those doing the work of marketing and establishing contracts. Dry processing of cooperatives. Agricultural cooperatives involve phase benefited and marketing of coffee.

2. Plant

Coffee is a shrub native to East Africa. It is a kind of permanent cultivation. They planted 4,000 to 5,000 plants per acre. Their life expectancy is about 25 years.

3. Grain Collection

The grain harvest is done manually in Nicaragua. Nicaraguan coffee production has little chance of mechanization due to the characteristics of the coffee areas, which are steep.

The collector enters the grove and selects mature coffee beans, cuts them and deposits them in a basket or plastic container.

The grain’s harvest time depends on several factors, including the skill of the worker, the ripening of the fruit, tree height, the slope, rain, fatigue level of the collector, among others.

Once the operator has filled his or her basket, they deposit the product in sacks. They then weigh the beans and prepare for the milling process.

4. Coffee Processing

There are two types of beneficiaries: wet and dry.

Wet processing is done on farms. It is consisting of pulping, fermentation and washing the grain.
Dry Processing consists of drying the grain, remove the parchment and select the grain, called green coffee, as quality and destination of export or domestic consumption.

5. Marketing

Producers today are often linked to export companies, producer organizations and cooperatives to sell their product, according to the benefits you get from those buyers or intermediaries. His connection also depends on its geographical location and access to collection centers.

Some dry benefited also offer management services to export the coffee produced by their customers. The decision to hire the services of a dry processing, by the producer, depending on the services they offer with respect to maintaining product quality and processing price per quintal.

Currently there are distinct markets for the different types of coffee produced in different areas of the country as well as international demand for environmental services as capturing carbon dioxide and water, releasing oxygen. Many organic or through fair trade coffees are also sold. Producers can also sell online and electronic auctions.

Source: Café en segundo lugar de exportaciones nicaragüenses • El Nuevo Diario

As anyone who has visited us at El Porton Verde know, we love our coffee and enjoy buying the green beans and roasting them over a wood fire here, then taking them to our local mill to be ground. A couple of take-aways from this article. Coffee production has not increased in a number of years and neighboring countries have a much higher production per acre than in Nicaragua. So it would appear that there is room for improvement!

Cheers and have a nice cuppa!

Government warns of new eruptive activity on Momotombo Volcano – Metro

 Government warns of new eruptive activity on Momotombo Volcano

by ACAN-EFE December 26, 2015

Source: Gobierno advierte nueva actividad eruptiva en volcán Momotombo – Metro

From El Porton Verde we see two volcanoes on a clear day, neither of which is this one, Momotombo Volcano. We see Masaya Volcano and in the background we can sometimes also see Mombacho Volcano.

We drove up to see Momotombo Volcano a couple of weeks ago after the initial eruption had died down and were amazed by its beauty. There is a lovely little port where artesanal fisherman head out to Lake Managua to fish. We might go again as seeing the actual eruption would be really cool!

Luckily for us this volcano is some eighty kilometers away from us, so we are safe for the moment! Cheers everyone and here’s to living on the edge!

 

Nicaragua Follows Its Own Path In Dealing With Drug Traffickers : Parallels : NPR

The Management Of Crime

On the surface, it seems like the Nicaraguan government is doing quite a bit to fight the drug war and that Bluefields is a place of perdition. But reality is more complicated.

Cocaine’s Influence on Nicaragua’s Miskito Coast

Nicaragua — the largest country in Central America — has a lengthy coastline on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. With its remote location, Bluefields is well placed to serve as a pit stop along the corridor where drugs travel from the South American producers to U.S. consumers. What’s more, the cocaine moving through Nicaragua’s territory represents a higher share of GDP than any other Central American country, which in the words of the U.N.’s Office on Drugs and Crime, should give traffickers greater leverage to both sow more corruption and foment violence. Instead, like the rest of Nicaragua, Bluefields is an outlier. For instance, its murder rate is relatively low. According to numbers compiled by the Mexican think tank The Citizen Council for Public Security and Penal Justice, San Pedro Sula in Honduras is the murder capital of the world with a homicide rate of 169 intentional homicides per 100,000 people; Belize City has a murder rate of 105. According to Nicaraguan government data, Bluefields has a homicide rate of 42 — just a touch lower than that of Detroit.

Source: Nicaragua Follows Its Own Path In Dealing With Drug Traffickers : Parallels NPR

About the Approach to Drug Trafficking in Nicaragua

The money quote: “Nicaragua administers, manages its organized crime,”

This is the best article I’ve found describing the approach Nicaragua takes to the so-called “drug war” and it makes all the sense in the world to me now. When I first learned about this approach to Drug Trafficking from Nicaragua Insiders, it sounds so wrong to someone raised up on the typical propoganda! When I heard:

“Because in Nicaragua, there is only one mafia,” Orozco says. “And that mafia controls the entire national territory.”

When asked who that mafia is, Orozco laughs nervously, delivering a roundabout answer before finally saying, “When I say that Nicaragua manages organized crime, I mean that the business deals are made with representatives from the state.”

In other words, Nicaragua essentially regulates the drug trade.

To understand this better, one can look at the results, which show that in comparison with Mexico and the other Central American countries, Nicaragua has maintained a low level of violent crime. So if it works, who are we to judge? As always, comments welcome!

 

10 destinations that are more popular with travelers to Nicaragua than ever, according to my opinion :)

From white-sand beaches on Caribbean islands to bustling cities on the Pacific side of Nicaragua, here are the up-and-coming destinations travelers are putting on their radar for New Year’s Eve.

Where are travelers to Nicaragua going to ring in the New Year?

10. JIQUILILLO, CHINANDEGA – Northwest of Chinandega, in the most northerly village on the Pacific coast of Nicaragua, visitors will find a delightful community of fisherman, expats, and travelers that are incredibly friendly and giving (with wonderful volunteer projects you can join in on). With glistening beaches, surfing and diverse mangrove forest ecosystems, there’s plenty for travelers to explore.

Click here to learn more about Jiquilillo –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

Travelpod.com

Travelpod.com

9. SAN JUAN DEL SUR, RIVAS — The beach resort of San Juan del Sur is located near Rivas and Ometepe Island and is known for its stunning beaches that are ideal for surfers of all types. With a variety of bars and clubs that line its beaches, party lovers will enjoy the atmosphere here.

Click here to learn more about San Juan del Sur –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

Bay of San Juan del Sur. LA PRENSA/ARCHIVO

Bay of San Juan del Sur. LA PRENSA/ARCHIVO

8. SELVA NEGRA, CHINANDEGA — Chinandega’s Selva Negra (or Black Forest) is a mountainous area in north central Nicaragua near Matagalpa that is filled with dense forests, coffee plantaions and picturesque towns and villages. Named by German immigrants, Selva Negra is an environmentally sound and sustainable coffee farm with delightful cabins set in the woods with an amazing virgin mountain where one can hike and see amazing birds, monkeys and other forest animals.

Click here to learn more about Selva Negra –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

Serenity of Nicaragua (http://www.serenity21.com)

Serenity of Nicaragua (http://www.serenity21.com)

7. EMERALD COAST, TOLA, RIVAS — Nicaragua’s Emerald Coast (Costa Esmeralda) has miles and miles of sandy beaches, cliffs, and wild coasts. Visitors will feel like they’re in a seaside paradise as they explore new surf spots and the quaint towns along the way. Places like Playa Gigante, Iguana and Rancho Santana are rapidly becoming “don’t miss” spots along the Nicaraguan coastline.

Click here to learn more about Emerald Coast –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

Costa Esmeralda Airport

Costa Esmeralda Airport

6. GRANADA, GRANADA — Granada is a destination in Nicaragua that is popular for the New Year. The colonial town is filled with churches and classic Colonial sites, with brightly colored homes throughout its streets. As the number one visited town in Nicaragua, you are sure to encounter lots of other folks looking to have a good time. The Calzada should be a real street party!

Click here to learn more about Granada –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

Granada is built around a bustling town square anchored by a neoclassical cathedral.

Granada is built around a bustling town square anchored by a neoclassical cathedral.

5. LEON, LEON — Voted the best city in Nicaragua two years in a row by SurfingthePlanet.com, Leon is home to an incredible cathedral, charming markets, world-class museums, and plenty of history to boot. Besides its gorgeous scenery being nearly surrounded by smoking volcanos, yet near to beautiful beaches, Leon also has a booming university and food scene, where you can sample everything from traditional Nicaraguan cuisine to French, Italian, and Chinese restaurants, all with a Nicaraguan twist.

Click here to learn more about Leon –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

Catédral de la Ascunción de María (Mary's Assumption Cathedral)

Catédral de la Ascunción de María (Mary’s Assumption Cathedral)

4. MUKUL RESORT, TOLA, RIVAS – Mukul has been a favorite travel destination for celebrities like Morgan Freeman, Michael Douglas and Katherine Zeta Jones. Situated in a natural bay within the private develoment Guacalito de la Isla, Mukul’s stunning setting of soaring cliffs and coves makes it an ideal place to enjoy water sports, play golf, or embark on a relaxing day at the spa.

Click here to learn more about Mukul Resort –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

The spectacular Mukul Resort in Nicaragua (photo by Ryan Forbes)

The spectacular Mukul Resort in Nicaragua (photo by Ryan Forbes)

3. MANAGUA, MANAGUA – Yes Nicaragua’s capital city gets a bad rap, but it is a much-improved destination. As far as holiday celebrations and decorations go, nothing beats the scene on Avenida Bolivar, the main street of downtown Managua. It is lined with Nativity scenes, lights, vendors selling snacks, and lots of people watching. The midnight fireworks will convince you that the next revolution has begun!

Click here to learn more about Managua –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

sustainable tourism Managua Nicaragua

Managua, Nicaragua

2. OMETEPE ISLAND, RIVAS – Ometepe is a true adventure paradise and is just becoming known to travelers. With its hidden petroglyphs, deserted beaches and eco-lodges, this is a place where the visitor can kayak, hike and swim, all located in the shadow of two volcanos.

Click here to learn more about Ometepe Island–>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

Reuters \ Oswaldo Rivas

Reuters \ Oswaldo Rivas

1. CORN ISLAND, RAAS – Both Little and Big Corn Islands are hard to beat during the end of year holidays. Not so much for any particular traditions but because these islands are a little paradise! Try the Yemaya Resort for an upscale experience.

Click here to learn more about Corn Island –>
Click here to check out Airbnb listings –>

Sunset on the beautiful Corn Islands

Sunset on the beautiful Corn Islands

Itinerary – Nicaragua Forum – TripAdvisor

Itinerary – Nicaragua

Dec 19, 2015, 3:32 PM

Even though I have been reading this forum for days, I am still having trouble planning. I wish there was an interactive map that would tell me exactly what each town or area has to offer when I touch it with a stylus !!! I am not worried about the distance or form of transport because we will rent a car, but can someone please LIST the names of the town/area and then write what each one has to offer or what they are most popular for? That way, I can pick exactly what we like to do or not like to do and then plan our route accordingly. I know this my be a daunting request but if it can be thoroughly and correctly done, it will be a great informative read. T.I.A.

 

elportonverde Managua, Nicaragua Level Contributor 679 posts 17 reviews 1.

Re: Itinerary

Dec 19, 2015, 5:37 PM

Greetings farmerswife1: Okay, I’ll give it a shot…

  • Managua – flights in and out internationally and nationally, i.e. Corn Island, history of the Revolution, shopping/dining/entertainment, day trips to beaches, hiking/nature (El Chocoyero/La Bruja Nature Reserve & Masaya Volcano, Laguna de Apoyo, etc.
  • Granada – Colonial architecture, Las Isletas (boat/kayak tours of little islands on Lake Nicaragua), near Mombacho Volcano (hiking) and Laguna de Apoyo (swimming, kayaking, SUP boarding)
  • Masaya – Some Colonial architecture, artisan shopping, hiking/nature (Masaya Volcano/Laguna de Apoyo), near interesting villages (Pueblos Blancos)
  • Leon – Colonial architecture, Cerro Negro and Telica volcanos (hiking and volcano boarding), not far from Las Peñitas and Poneloya beaches
  • Ometepe – Hiking, Kayaking, Nature (Island on Lake Nicaragua with two volcanoes)
  • San Juan del Sur – Beaches, Surfing, Partying
  • Esteli – Cigars & tobacco, Hiking/Nature (Somoto Canyon and Miraflor Nature Reserve)
  • Matagalpa – Coffee, chocolate and forests, fresh climate, Hiking/Nature (Cerro Apante/Selva Negra)

This is just the major towns that are on the radar for most first-time visitors to Nicaragua. Additional areas include:

 

  • Rio San Juan – nature/hiking/boating (Los Guatuzos Nature Reserve, Solentiname Islands, other areas)
  • Tola, Rivas – beaches/surfing without the party scene
  • much more!

Cheers, Mike @ Farmstay El Portón Verde, Managua

Source: Itinerary – Nicaragua Forum – TripAdvisor

I suppose this is a good idea, having an interactive map that on rollover shows the main activities that can happen at that location. In doing an Internet search, I can’t find any, although it would be a great idea to have one!

A sample itinerary for a trip to Nicaragua

A sample itinerary for a trip to Nicaragua

If you have any other places to add to this short list, please let us know in the comments below!

Google Search Results: off the beaten path surfing nicaragua

Google Search Results: off the beaten path surfing nicaragua

So this one is for Google Search Results: Off the Beaten Path Surfing Nicaragua and we’re in the first and second positions for this search string. Pretty cool!

This is a blog post from a while back where I mention four of the off the beaten path surfing and fishing villages in Nicaragua. If someone searches for “off the beaten path surfing nicaragua” they get the result shown below.

I hope the linked-to post helps some travelers doing their vacation planning!

Another top one and top two result!

Another top one and top two result!

Google Search Results: tips for renting a car in nicaragua

Google Search Results: Tips for renting a car in Nicaragua

Seems

Number three isn't too bad!

Number three isn’t too bad!

Seems like number three isn’t too bad, so no complaints! I notice that this referenced post is just about the only one that actually has some original content and isn’t just a link to something or someone trying to sell you something.

Top Google Search Results: Managua airport tips

Top Google Search Results: Managua airport tips

Great results from our social media efforts!

Great results from our social media efforts!

Managua airport tips: What to expect when arriving at MGA Augusto Sandino International Airport

Some inside the game reporting here today folks. Just for posterity’s sake I’m gonna start posting a few of our results based on Google searches. We’ll show you the search term and where a link to the elportonverde.com can be found in the search results.

In this one the search term is “Managua Airport Tips” and points to a blog post that has been accessed quite frequently and I’m told is very helpful.

I’ll run some other queries and let you know how we stack up. I think “Spanish Names for Steak Cuts” is one of the other biggies, oddly enough! The other ones start with Top Five or Top Four and are lists of things I’ve noticed about renting a car in Nicaragua, driving a car in Nicaragua, off the beaten path surfing and fishing villages, etc.

Day Trips Managua: 3 nights in MGA – day trips? – Nicaragua Forum – TripAdvisor

3 nights in MGA – day trips?

Hey Fellow TA peeps,

Heard so much(positive) about Nicaragua during my trip to CR and El Sal, that I found myself booking the tickets as soon as I got back 😛

MGA would be my base for my 3 night trip. Any recommendations on day trips?

Some casual research puts volcano boarding on top along with Ometepe and Granada.

Love nature/hiking(2-3 hrs), plus any adventure sort of stuff and most importantly, food!

Recommendations/suggestion/help is much appreciated!

Also, can Ometepe and Granada be done as day trips from MGA?

Have a great one!

 

2. Re: 3 nights in MGA – day trips? Dec 16, 2015, 12:42 AM Greetings SK_Kris14: To actually answer your question, yes, several great day trips can be done from the Managua area. Here’s a partial list: Granada, Las Isletas, Laguna de Apoyo, Mombacho Volcano, Masaya Volcano, Masaya Artistan’s Market, Pueblos Blancos (including visiting with a master ceramics artist at his studio), beach day including surfing, Managua city tour, Leon city tour, Leon Volcano Boarding, El Chocoyero/La Bruja wildlife refuge/waterfalls, Activities include: kayaking, standup paddling, motorboating, canopy zip line, surfing, hiking, birdwatching, volcano visits, history, art, culture, etc. Here’s an article I wrote awhile back: “Top Five Managua Day Trips for Adventure Travelers” elportonverde.com/2011/… Cheers, Mike @ Farmstay El Portón Verde, Managua

Source: 3 nights in MGA – day trips? – Nicaragua Forum – TripAdvisor

Day Trips Managua

Of course there’s always someone (well one or both of two specific posters) on the Nicaragua TripAdvisor forum that always want to poo-poo Managua and act like anyone wanting to stay or do anything around the capital city are idiots or somesuchthing…so now that I’ve had my mini-rant (thank you for humoring me btw…) I read this poster’s question and noticed that the only other reply actually didn’t answer the person’s question, namely, are there any cool day trips that can be done from Managua.

So the poor guy or gals asks Day Trips Managua ??? and the answer is go and stay in Granada, Ometepe, Leon, etc. Really? The person for some reason is staying in Managua. That’s clear from his questions. He might have points at the Hilton or something, so give the guy/gal a break already, whydontcha?

Life's too short, right?

Life’s too short, right?

I’m not sure what these two frequent posters have against me (well, one is worse than the other…), but I just try to stay positive and not get down about why someone in Granada or Leon would always make it a point to try to say I give bad advice or some other dreck. Just ain’t true my little turtle-dove! How’s that, use the old “kill ’em with kindness” routine hehehehe!

INETER on alert for rising lava at Volcano Masaya – Nicaragua Hoy

INETER on alert for rising lava at Volcano Masaya | Nicaragua

Cráter Santiago del volcán Masaya. / Ineter

Santiago crater of the Masaya Volcano / Ineter

Experts from the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies, INETER, conducted studies on Volcano Masaya (Santiago Crater). Located in the department of Masaya and about 23 kilometers southeast of Managua, the studies reveal that there is a rise of lava close to the crater’s surface. The volcano is very close to Masaya, the City of Flowers, only about 5 kilometers away.

“The crater continues to be obstructed and we have registered lava that has been very close to the surface,” said the coordinator of the Communication and Citizenship Council, Rosario Murillo during one of her usual speeches by official media.

This event, according to Murillo, could lead to the formation of a new lava lake, something that has not happened since 1999.

“There is incandescence, there are small flames, accompanied by ripples and waves across the area, suggesting much movement of volcanic flow, magma and gases,” she said.

A colossus of 625 meters that is located about 23 kilometers southeast of Managua, Masaya Volcano is located in the National Park, which consists of 54 square kilometers, is surrounded by a dry tropical forest that grows between the porous rocks of ancient eruptions.

Masaya is one of seven active volcanoes in Nicaragua and since 1520 has recorded at least 18 different activities, including volcanic eruptions in 1772 and 1820, according to official information.

The Momotombo volcano in western of the country is now in its major phase of activity in the last 110 years, is currently low and stable, and no explosions have been reported since last week, officials said.

Murillo added that “seismic activity is within normal parameters and poses no danger to the population.”

Moreover, she noted the relative calm of Telica volcano, Concepción, San Cristobal and Momotombo .

INETER experts and other international specialists “will work at the Santiago volcano so we can have a better idea” of the situation. EFE and El Nuevo Diario.

Source: Ineter en alerta por ascenso de lava en volcán Masaya – Nicaragua Hoy

Well this is some new news for those following all things volcano in Nicaragua, and this one hits home! El Porton Verde is located only about eight miles from Masaya Volcano and in fact, we were there just today. There was no special warning given or any visible sign that something unusual was going on. Let’s hope that there are no eruptions! In any event, we are separated by several hills and valleys and are at least as high as the main craters of the volcanos so in the unlikely event of an eruption we will have a great view of the proceedings but little danger involved!